Hand & Wrist Diseases & Conditions
Compartment syndrome occurs when pressure in the muscles builds to dangerous levels, which can decrease blood flow and prevent oxygen from reaching the nerve and muscle cells. It can be acute or chronic, and can result in permanent tissue injury.
Acute compartment syndrome is a medical emergency, and needs to be treated in a hospital as soon as possible. Chronic compartment syndrome can often be treated through nonsurgical methods, including physical therapy and orthotic insoles. if conservative treatments fail, surgery may be recommended to open up the fascia (the layer enclosing the muscles) to allow more room for them to swell.